The most common configurations for connecting multiple devices are the star and mesh networks.

StarNetwork

Star Network

In its simplest form, a star network consists of one central hub which acts as a conduit to transmit messages. In a star topology, every device is connected to a central hub.

Advantages

  • If one node or its connection breaks, it doesn’t affect the other devices and their connections
  • Devices can be added or removed without disturbing the network

Disadvantages

  • The central hub is a single point of failure for the network

 

Mesh Network

Mesh Network

In its simplest form, in a mesh network every device is connected to every other device in the network.

Advantages

  • There is no single point of failure for the network, so it has high security and reliability

Disadvantages

  • It is a more complex and expensive network than the star network